The plaintiffs, both Palestinian nationals and Palestinian
Americans, claim the defendants, pro-Israeli American
individuals and entities, are conspiring to expel all non-Jews
from territory whose sovereignty is in dispute. They sued in
federal district court, pressing four claims: (1) civil conspiracy,
(2) genocide and other war crimes, (3) aiding and abetting
genocide and other war crimes and (4) trespass. Concluding
that all four claims raise nonjusticiable political questions, the
district court dismissed the complaint for lack of subject matter
jurisdiction. We now reverse.
… the second potential political question presented—are Israeli settlers committing genocide—is a purely legal issue… Genocide has a legal
definition. See United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide art. 2, Dec. 9, 1948, 78 U.N.T.S. 277, 280 (defining genocide, in part, as “[k]illing members of [a national, ethnic, racial or religious group]” “with intent to destroy [the group], in whole or in part”). Thus… by incorporating the law of nations and the definitions included therein—provides a judicially manageable standard to determine whether Israeli settlers are committing genocide… We are well able… to apply the standards enunciated by the Supreme Court to the facts of this case.
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